Fundamental vs Technical Analysis Difference and Comparison

By analyzing a company’s financial statements, investors can determine its profitability, revenue growth, and cash flow. They can also assess the company’s management, competitive advantages, and market position. Fundamental analysis is essential in investment decision-making because it provides investors with a complete picture of a company’s financial health and future potential. Fundamental analysis gives a large weightage to company policy and results on the impact of a stock price, while technical analysis believes the impact is already built into the current value.

So if a company has $10 million in assets and $6 million in liabilities, then the company holds an overall $4 million of equity on the balance sheet. Liabilities are a company’s debts that the company will eventually have to repay. The earnings per share (EPS) ratio takes the entire company earnings and divides it by the number of shares the company has. Gordon Scott has been an active investor and technical analyst or 20+ years.

explain the difference between fundamental and technical analysis

The articles and research support materials available on this site are educational and are not intended to be investment or tax advice. All such information is provided solely for convenience purposes only and all users thereof should be guided accordingly. Support levels are areas where buyers are likely to enter the market, while resistance levels are areas where sellers are likely to enter the market.

Our writing and editorial staff are a team of experts holding advanced financial designations and have written for most major financial media publications. Our work has been directly cited by organizations including Entrepreneur, Business Insider, Investopedia, Forbes, CNBC, and many others. Our goal is to deliver the most understandable and comprehensive explanations of financial topics using simple writing complemented by helpful graphics and animation videos.

That is the primary difference between fundamental analysis and technical analysis. Fundamental analysis takes into account both macro and microeconomic factors that can influence the price of stocks to facilitate a comprehensive analysis. Technical analysis takes a comparatively short-term approach to analyzing the market, and is used on a timeframe of weeks, days or even minutes.

Also, quantitative techniques could be used to balance a portfolio based on fundamental and technical criteria. Since human nature never really changes, traders can learn to spot patterns in stock charts. They use these chart patterns to gain insight into how a stock price might move in the future. Fundamental analysts use this information to try to gain insight into a company’s future growth prospects and determine whether its stock price is at a fair value. When it comes to stock research, too many traders get confused about technical analysis and fundamental analysis.

Technical analysis uses a security’s past price movements to predict its future price movements. It focuses on the market prices themselves, rather than other factors that might affect them. It ignores the “value” of the stock and instead considers trends and patterns created by investors’ emotional responses to price movements. Technical analysis evaluates financial assets, such as stocks, currencies, or commodities, by reviewing the historical price and volume data. Unlike fundamental analysis, which focuses on the intrinsic value of an asset, technical analysis examines the volume and price of shares over time. However, technical analysis allows investors to buy shares when there is an expectation of selling the same at a higher price.

A financial professional will offer guidance based on the information provided and offer a no-obligation call to better understand your situation. By integrating both approaches, investors can achieve better investment results. Conversely, if a security’s price is surging towards the upper limit of the price range, then it signals a trader to sell the security in question because once it reaches the ceiling, it will fall from thereon. You can also assess how sensitive your models are to changes in assumptions, and you can update your models to adapt to market changes. Using these practices, you can make your fundamental and technical analyses more robust, adaptable, and representative of the market’s complexities. Each element allows investors to analyze a share or market’s behavior.

  • Let’s check out some of the major metrics and concepts used in fundamental analysis.
  • Investors perform quantitative analysis through simple financial ratio calculations such as earnings per share (EPS) or more complex calculations such as the discounted cash flow (DCF).
  • Our work has been directly cited by organizations including Entrepreneur, Business Insider, Investopedia, Forbes, CNBC, and many others.
  • This means a technical analyst can cover more stocks and draw ideas from a larger universe.

Also, interferences from technical analysis give buy and sell signals. Therefore, fundamental analysis is an extensive analysis that considers various factors that influence the price of a stock. As a result, through fundamental analysis, you will be able to analyze if the stock is priced in accordance with the broader market. The primary difference between retail and institutional investors is that retail investors have less in-depth knowledge and are more focused on momentum than institutional investors. As a result, individual investors rely on technical analysis and momentum trading more than institutional investors. Your approach will depend on your investment goals, risk tolerance, and time horizon.

explain the difference between fundamental and technical analysis

While both approaches have strengths and weaknesses, investors can use them together to achieve better investment results. Investors can choose the approach that best suits their needs by considering their investment goals, risk tolerance, and time horizon. Technical analysis assumes that the current value of a stock is already an indicator of a company’s fundamentals. Technical analysis is a method that utilises the economic principles of pricing and volume and their fluctuations and movements to predict the future value of a stock. Investors who rely on this determination will then buy a stock if it is undervalued in the expectation to yield significantly higher returns in the long-run.

explain the difference between fundamental and technical analysis

Fundamental Analysis considers all the factors that are core to the business. Factors such as financial statements, economic factors, industry, management process, etc. Fundamental analysis helps determine the firm’s intrinsic value to identify whether the stock is overpriced or under-priced. Another critical point of fundamental analysis vs technical analysis is their usage by market participants. Typically, the securities market comprises two types of investors – long-term investors and short-term traders.

This method attributes an intrinsic value to a stock using dispositional factors like its business model, competitive advantages, management team, corporate policies, and the industry it operates in. Using these tools, investors try to see whether a security is undervalued or overvalued. Afterward, the investor assesses specific prospects and potential opportunities within the identified industries and sectors. Finally, they analyze and select individual stocks within the most promising industries. In this post we explain the differences and highlight the strengths and weaknesses of each.

New sources of big data, in particular, can be used to find unique insights. Lehner Investments is a leader in the field of combining systematic trading, artificial differentiate between fundamental and technical forecasting intelligence and big data. In the case of Lehner Investments Data Intelligence Fund, trading strategies employ user generated data combined with market data.